American Eskimo Dog
BOLD, BOUFFANT, BOUNCY
History & Origin
Despite the name, the American Eskimo Dog is not an American or an Eskimo dog. As it turns out, this type of dog originated in Northern Europe, and probably Germany, with the Spitz breed.
Breeders in Germany developed them as watch and farm dogs. Although not aggressive, the dogs were wary of strangers.
Pomeranians, Keeshonds and Italian Spitzes were crossbred. These dogs were then called Spitz or German Spitz, presumably after the dogs’ sharp, pointy faces.
Then, European immigrants took the dogs to the United States. Some of them even found their way onto the stage at the circus. They were popular with the public because they were cute and clever.
In the 20th century, the American Eskimo Dog name starts to appear. One theory claims that once in the US, people started to call their puppies by different names. Some say it has to do with anti-German feelings at the time of World War I.
But it can’t be denied that the American Eskimo Dog became a popular family and companion dog in America. It even has a nickname – the Eskie.
The American Eskimo Dog name was officially registered in 1917. The AKC recognized the breed in 1994.
PERSONALITY AND CHARACTER
The American Eskimo Dog is friendly, clever, alert and loyal.
They are keenly watchful and very observant, making excellent watchdogs. American Eskimo Dogs can be distrustful around strangers. They tend to bark and yelp loudly, letting you know someone is at the gate.
For some, the barking can become an issue. It is a good idea to teach your dog early on not to bark at everything. Barking too much or too loudly is the biggest complaint American Eskimo Dog owners have.
Although they are good family pets, they may be unpredictable around small children. So if your children are still small, this may not be the dog for you. Little kids like to hug dogs or play rough with them and your Eskie may become annoyed with this.
American Eskimo Dogs are one-man dogs and may bond closely with one human in the family. They have a lot of energy but with these dogs, it is also about the mental stimulation. A bored American Eskimo Dog will get up to no good.
They have too much going on in their heads to sit around and do nothing all day! Give these puppies some toys and training and you – and your dog – will get on famously.
Eskies tolerate other dogs and pets in the household but they need to be socialized. There is a herding instinct, which could cause tensions with other pets.
american eskimo dog
NUTRITION AND FEEDING
Your American Eskimo Dogs does not require too much care, fortunately!
This could be one of the least understood aspects of dog care. Yet, what you feed your puppy will play a big part in its life later on. If your puppy eats well, they will not get sick later on in life.
Very few people realize how vital it is that your puppy eats proper food when it is still small. Puppies grow so fast and the food they eat are building blocks for the future. Weak, ill dogs are often the result of poor diets fed to them as puppies.
The science of dog food has changed a lot over the years. There are many views on what you should feed your dog. The one thing to remember is cheaper food will almost always be bad quality.
In the past, people shared their food with dogs. In many homes, the dogs ate scraps or leftover human food. This is not nutritionally balanced and much has changed in the world of pet food since then.
Then came the time of the commercial dog food. Pet food companies started to make commercial dog food. Many of these products are sold in pet stores. If you choose to feed this food, opt for the more expensive brands. The quality of the food is usually better.
There are some experts who say dogs should eat only meat. On the other hand, there are those who say dogs have adapted and can eat everything. This includes real food. Just be careful of foods like chocolate and tomatoes – these are toxic for dogs.
Many new dog owners make the mistake of feeding their dog too much. They think their puppy is still hungry because it keeps pushing at the bowl. Your puppy may look like it is starving to death but don’t be fooled!
The little fella is growing fast and needs to eat small meals often. Start out with feeding them three to four times a day. Gradually, you will begin to feed your American Eskimo Dog puppy less and less. Eventually, it will only be twice a day.
Don’t be tempted to fill your dog’s bowl with food every time they finish it. This will encourage them to eat more than they should. This could lead to a puppy becoming too heavy and may cause weight problems later in life.
Obesity in dogs is very dangerous. So many diseases and medical problems are linked to dogs that are too fat. It can cause cancer and diabetes, which are very expensive to treat, and can be deadly.
Many dog owners feed their dogs lots of biscuits and treats. They think this is the way to show that they love their dog. But this is one of the biggest reasons why dogs are overweight.
Rather show how much you love your American Eskimo Dog by feeding it properly.
COAT AND GROOMING
Size and Coat
The American Eskimo Dogs come in three sizes: the toy, miniature, and standard size. The toy weighs 6-10 lbs., the miniature 10-17 lbs. and the standard 18-35 lbs.
The most distinguishable aspect of the American Eskimo Dog is the lovely, white coat. It does, unfortunately, require some care. The American Eskimo Dogs shed a lot, though frequent brushing can help to control it.
The dogs have a double coat with short hair underneath and longer, straight hair on the outside. Some parts, like the neck and legs, have thicker hair. This helps the dogs in cold weather and they tolerate snowy conditions well.
The hair of the coat is silky smooth and lovely to touch. There should not be any wavy hair or curls in the coat hair.
You will have a lot less maintenance with the American Eskimo Dog than you think. Apart from brushing their coat every couple of days, there is not much to do. The brushing is important, though.
When the seasons change, you may notice your Eskie shedding more hair. Perhaps brush your dog every day in this time. This will help to get rid of the dead hair and prevent long, white hairs from sticking to your clothes.
Other aspects to bear in mind are checking your dog’s nails. These should be clipped every few weeks. Nails that grow too long could tear and be a nuisance. Also, pay close attention to your dog’s teeth.
Did you know that many dogs suffer from painful dental conditions? This happens because their teeth are not brushed regularly. Having his teeth brushed should be part of his life from a young age.
When your American Eskimo Dog has bad breath it could be a sign of an infection. This means a trip to the vet and possibly surgery. Many dogs have teeth troubles later in life. More regular teeth brushing could have prevented this.
EXERCISE AND TRAINING
Exercise, Energy, and Activities
The American Eskimo Dog is an active puppy but it is not a crazy, busy dog. This means that while it enjoys a daily walk, you won’t need to run up a hill. These dogs need exercise but it is also about the mental stimulation.
They are known to be playful and energetic, enjoying running about in the garden or the park. The American Eskimo Dog is not really suited to apartment life. They need large yards or gardens for sniffing around and exploring.
These puppies need a bit of attention to their physical needs otherwise, you may have your hands full. Typically, the American Eskimo Dog may start yapping all day or digging and chewing up unwanted items of clothing.
Aim to go for a daily walk with your dog. You won’t believe the difference 30 minutes of exercise can make to one dog.
The American Eskimo Dog is a bright dog that enjoys learning and is eager to please. These dogs are very quick to train and love to learn tricks. Their history in the circus shows that they like to entertain and perform.
Begin training your puppy when he is still small. Start with socialization classes. This is where your doggie learns how to interact with other animals. Don’t skip this important class! Dogs need to know where they fit in the pecking order.
Socialization also helps your dog find its place in the world – and your home. They need to know that you are the boss, for instance. Otherwise, they will try to be the pack leader and control you.
The American Eskimo Dog can try to dominate you. Be firm with him and be clear with your commands. Show your puppy what he can and can’t do. Say yes and no and praise all good behavior. Don’t shout or raise your voice with your dog.
Rather reward the good behavior. Your dog wants to please you. Use that to your advantage.
When your American Eskimo Dog is small, it will sleep for most of the day. Occasionally, it will run around like mad and then suddenly, drop off to sleep. This is normal. Gradually, as it grows older, it will sleep less.
One way to make sure that your puppy sleeps at night is to tire it out during the day. Take your dog for a long walk or run.
Most dogs want to sleep inside the house, near the family. Dogs like to be part of the pack and don’t want to feel excluded.
Sometimes dogs even sleep on the bed with family members. There is not right or wrong when it comes to where your dog should sleep. If it works for you and your dog is happy, go for it. But if a dog starts growling at a spouse or wets the bed, it may become unpleasant.
Get your pup a nice doggie bed and put it somewhere warm and cozy. This will give it a sense of security as well.
Your American Eskimo Dog can live between 12 and 14 years.
The breed is generally healthy and is not prone to major medical problems. This should be good news for anyone looking to buy these puppy dogs!
Some conditions that may affect them in life are hassles with the eyes and hips. The dogs can also become diabetic.
Canine diabetes is more common than people know. If your dog has diabetes it may seem hungry all the time. Your dog may also be drinking a lot of water. Often, diabetes afflicts older dogs. Dogs that are overweight are also at risk of diabetes.
Going to the vet is expensive. You want to avoid this as much as possible. There are ways to keep your vet costs down. One of these is: keep your dog in top condition.
A healthy dog is a happy dog – and vice versa. So: good food and plenty of exercise. Most animal experts agree that when people say they have a bad dog, the reason usually lies with them.
A dog that is not exercised every day, for almost an hour, can become naughty. Bored, neglected dogs misbehave because they are looking for attention or something to do.
To Sum Up
The American Eskimo Dog not only looks adorable but is a sweetheart too.
These dogs are great companions for dog owners both young and old.
Rush, there are puppies for all!
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AMERICAN ESKIMO DOG